Latin absorptio - engulf. I means to incorporate something into something.
Denotes a sudden, rapid, short-term effect (e.g. a fast occurring toxic effect).
Short for Acceptable daily intake, is a measure of the amount of a specific substance (originally applied for a food additive, later also for a residue of a veterinary drug or pesticide) in food or drinking water that can be ingested (orally) on a daily basis over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk.
General term for mixtures of gases (e.g. air) that contain suspended solid or liquid particles (so-called particulate matter), which are approximately 1 nm to 10 μm in diameter. Sea salt
Short for atomic force microscopy. The
Accumulations of weakly bound particles or aggregates or of compounds of these, whose resulting surfaces are similar to the sum of surfaces of the individual components.
Solidly bound or molten particles, whose resulting surface may be much smaller than the sum of the calculated surfaces of the individual components.
From Latin alveolus, "little cavity". Thin-walled, tiny air sacs, located at the ends of the smallest airways in the lungs (the bronchioles) where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Describes a foreign substance that when introduced into the body stimulates the production of an antibody. Many bacteria contain antigens. Toxins, viruses, blood cells or cells from foreign transplants can act as antigens as well.
Any substance that prevents or reduces free-oxygen-radicals, which attack other molecules and modify their chemical structure.
Physiological or programmed cell death. In
Description of a method (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller) for the analysis technique of sizing surfaces by means of gas adsorption.
Greek for bios - life and Latin for accumulare - pile up, accumulate; is the accumulation of a substance in an organism by absorption from the surrounding medium (e.g. water in fish) and through food.
Refers to the rate and extent to which a substance is absorbed unchanged from the environment or the gastrointestinal tract into the body. The amount taken up does not necessarily correspond to the amount present in food or in the environment of a living organism.